St. Helena island, part of the British Overseas Territory also encompassing Ascension and Tristan da Cunha islands, is a remote volcanic outpost in the South Atlantic Ocean. It's famous as the place of Napoleon Bonaparte's exile and death, as commemorated by a now-empty tomb. Climbing destinations include the 699 steps of Jacob's Ladder and Diana's Peak, sheltering endemic plant and animal life.
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Green Mountain National Park
Green Mountain was designated as a National Park in 2005. The peak of Green mountain reaches 859m and is the highest point on the island. Early visitors to Ascension Island at the beginning of the 19th century, described it as exceptionally barren, with very few plants - including the mountain that we know now as Green Mountain. Only a handful of species - mostly ferns, mosses and some grasses, most of them endemic to Ascension - were found on the higher slopes of Green Mountain. It was a far cry from the lush vegetation that now spans across the mountain. The mountain we see today is the result of a huge venture into ecological terraforming.
The home where Napoleon lived in exile from France from December 1815 to his death in 1821.
In the 19th century ships applying to enter a port requested Free Pratique, or permission to enter having shown a clean bill of health. A surgeon would board the ship and confirm or deny this. Ships placed in quarantine, particularly those flying the warning flag denoting fever on board, had to be kept separate from the rest of the garrison. The answer was to develop a fever station to protect the inhabitants of the island. Today the cove is a popular recreation spot for people living on the island.
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